Locarno Pact


Locarno Pact
   The central accord of the Locarno Pact, signed on 1 December 1925, was the Pact of Western Security, which Italy signed together with Belgium, Great Britain, France, and Germany. The powers signing the pact guaranteed “jointly and severally” the western borders created by the Treaty of Versailles and pledged themselves on principle to the arbitration of disputes and rapid reference to the Council of the League of Nations rather than aggressive war. Italy signed the Locarno Pact for two main reasons. First, Benito Mussolini liked being placed on a par with France and Britain as a signatory. Second, he did not want Italy to be isolated in Europe. Mussolini did not demand that the Brenner frontier with Austria be included in the pact, although he was insistent that Italy would act to prevent Austro-German unification. Locarno represented a moderate shift in foreign policy by Mussolini after the intemperance of the Corfu incident in 1923.
   See also Foreign Policy.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Locarno Treaties — The Locarno Treaties were seven agreements negotiated at Locarno, Switzerland on 5 October ndash; 16 October 1925 and formally signed in London on December 1, in which the World War I Western European Allied powers and the new states of central… …   Wikipedia

  • locarno — lōˈkär(ˌ)nō noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: from the Locarno Pact, a series of treaties and conventions between Germany on the one hand and Belgium, France, Great Britain, Italy, Poland, and Czechoslovakia on the other, signed in… …   Useful english dictionary

  • pact — /pakt/, n. 1. an agreement, covenant, or compact: We made a pact not to argue any more. 2. an agreement or treaty between two or more nations: a pact between Germany and Italy. [1400 50; late ME pact(e) < MF < L pactum, n. use of neut. of ptp. of …   Universalium

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